Recently the State Senate Early Learning and Education Committee brought its listening tour about K-12 education to Everett. This listening tour has come about because our State Supreme Court found our legislature in contempt of failing to meet “the paramount constitutional duty … to make ample provisions for the education of all children residing within (our) borders.” The State Supreme Court is fining the Legislature $100,000 per day. So instead of actually doing something about this, they decided to go on a (listening) tour.
Read that constitutional language carefully: “ample provision for the education of all children.” It doesn’t say only children who are 5 years and older. It doesn’t define education as starting in kindergarten. It says, simply, “ample provision for the education of all children.” We all know that education and learning begin a long time before kindergarten. In fact, it begins at birth.
This is what all the early brain research demonstrates. This is what parental love and caring has shown for all of human history. But this is not something that is officially embraced by our state. Most of us are left on our own when it comes to the education of our children before kindergarten. At the same time, most parents go to work in the morning, dropping off their young children in daycare centers and family homes. So we depend on the teachers and caregivers in these centers and homes to love, care for and teach our children.
So is the state making any effort at providing universal early learning for the young children of Washington? Not really. Child care and early learning are seen as the responsibility of the parent.
Public support and public dollars are not part of the equation for most kids and most parents. And yet we worry that kids are not “prepared” for kindergarten, and that they are not prepared when they enter our public schools.
Our current system of early learning isn’t working very well. In Washington, the average annual cost of child care in a child care center in 2014 was $13,488. That was a 9 percent increase, more than $1,145, from just two years before. It is more than tuition and fees put together at the University of Washington.
So how does this translate on the other side?
The median wage for child care assistants in 2014 was $20,796 and for teachers was $24,492. It is a downward slope for these workers. Child care assistants actually made 40 cents per hour more in 2004, while supervisors, now earning $14.65, made 80 cents more per hour a decade ago.
What do you get with lousy pay and few benefits? High turnover, no incentive to gain further relevant education and low morale: These are not the ingredients that we need for high-quality early learning.
Why is it so expensive? A major driver of cost is mandated ratios: one teacher for four infants, one teacher for seven toddlers and one teacher for 10 preschoolers. If you have ever taken care of a group of very young children, you know that these ratios make a lot of sense.
The increasing cost, decreasing availability and decreasing compensation are canaries in the coal mine for early learning. Our “system” of child care is largely dependent on parents paying tuition, while most of these parents have seen their wages and salaries stagnate, their health care costs increase and the costs of having children pile up. So we starve the people we expect to care for, teach and love our kids. The bottom has fallen out of the paramount duty for the education of all children when it comes to our youngest children. The Legislature completely disregards its responsibilities and duties.
So when our state senators conclude their listening tour, they need to sit down and come up with the money, not just for K-12, but also for early learning. It is a tall order: about a $5 billion annual amount for education that we have been avoiding for decades. We know where that money is. Now we have to stop listening and go get it, for the future of our children and our state.