Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, and he died the following day. Others, including Secretary of State William Seward, were also targets of Booth’s conspiracy, but they would all survive. Only days before, Robert E. Lee had surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant, effectively ending the ferocious Civil War. The country was in the process of establishing what course the United States would follow in the wake of the war’s prodigious bloodletting. Lincoln’s assassination was a staggering blow to a nation still reeling from the internecine conflict.